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What is Technical Trade?

Technical trade measures are mainly various forms of non-tariff barrier measures governed by the "Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Agreement" and "The Implementation of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS) Agreement."

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Among the various WTO agreements related to technical trade measures, the "SPS Agreement" governs the technical measures adopted by the members in the fields of animal quarantine, phytosanitary and food safety, while technical measures in other fields belong to the "TBT Agreement" management.


The Meaning of Technical Trade

Technical trade measures are mainly various forms of non-tariff barrier measures governed by the "Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Agreement" and "The Implementation of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS) Agreement." 


Technical trade measures are usually based on the grounds of maintaining national security, protecting human health and safety, protecting the lives and health of animals and plants, protecting the environment, ensuring product quality, and preventing fraud. They pass technical regulations, standards, conformity assessment procedures, sanitation and phytosanitary Measures to be implemented. 


In practice, technical trade measures will have an impact on the free flow of goods internationally. If this impact creates obstacles to international trade, then such technical trade measures constitute technical trade measures. In other words, technical barriers to trade are when importing countries formulate and promulgate laws, decrees, regulations, and regulations when implementing import trade controls, rely on strict technical standards, and pass certification, inspection, registration, and supervision systems to improve market access for imported products. The technical threshold finally reaches a non-tariff barrier with the purpose of restricting imports.


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